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Citing sources in APA style 7th ed.

Crediting sources and formatting references according to the style of the American Psychological Association (APA). Based on the 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the APA.

Doctoral dissertation and master's theses: general form

  • For a doctoral dissertation or master's thesis which is not available from a database service, use the following format:

    Auteur, A. A. (jaar). Titel van de dissertatie of master’s thesis [Unpublished doctoral dissertation of Unpublished master’s thesis]. Naam universiteit.

  • For a doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis available from a database service such as Proquest Dissertations and Theses, use the following format:

    Author, A. A. (year). Title of doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis (Publication No. xxx) [Doctoral dissertation or Master’s thesis, name of university]. Name of database.

  • For a doctoral dissertation or master's thesis available on the Internet, use the following format": 
    Author, A. A. (year). Title of doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis (Doctoral dissertation or Master’s thesis, name of university). University archive name. https://xxxxx  

Doctoral dissertation or master's thesis from an institutional repository

Glimmerveen, J. C. (2021). In the eye of the beholder: An individualised approach towards (mal)adaptive behaviour in psychopathy [Doctoral dissertation, Radboud University]. Radboud Repository. https://hdl.handle.net/2066/234132

Lux, K.-M. (2020). On the factual correctness and robustness of deep abstractive text summarization [Master's thesis, Radboud University]. Educational Repository. https://theses.ubn.ru.nl/handle/123456789/10627

Doctoral dissertation available from a database service

Moullin, S. (2022). The human in human capital: Essays on the self and socio-economics (Publication No. 28861435) [Doctoral dissertation, Princeton University]. Proquest Dissertations and Theses A&I.