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EndNote X9 Basic course

5.2 Including references in the text

What is an output style?
An output style is a piece of EndNote software by which references in texts are managed. Some hundreds of output styles are included in the EndNote program. Including well known styles such as APA, MLA, Vancouver, Chicago but also output styles which are specific for one journal.
For instance:
When referring according to the norms of the APA, the Author/Date method in the text is used, e.g. “… (Zhao, 2002)”, and a complete listing of sources in a reference list at the end of a text. The EndNote output style APA 6th manages both features.

Now we will place references in a text according to the APA style.

Open a Word document.
Choose an output style in the window of the menu bar of Word:

Here we click on the arrow and we select APA 6th from the list.
This one follows the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA):

In the next text we are going to add references in two places.

Journal impact factors vary from year to year. Therefore it is more reliable to use impact factors of several years instead of just one year. Research has shown that review articles receive more citations than research articles. Journals with many review articles can therefore get more easily a high impact factor than journals with many research articles.

Recently a discussion has started about the use of impact factors in research evaluation because the Internet has led to new forms of publication.

We add the first reference at the end of the third sentence in the text.
We place the cursor before the full stop and after a space. We search this reference in EndNote via this button in Word: 


Click on the upper part of this button and a screen appears with which we can search inside the EndNote library.
We want to add a reference from Moed en Van Leeuwen from 1995 and that is why we search for Moed.
You see the results in the screen below. 

You find five references in which Moed is mentioned. We need number four.
Click on that reference and click on Insert at the bottom of the search screen.
Now the reference is added to the document.
It looks like this:

Journal impact factors vary from year to year. Therefore it is more reliable to use impact factors of several years instead if just one year. Research has shown that review articles receive more citations than research articles (Moed & Van Leeuwen, 1995). Journals with many review articles can therefore more easily get a high impact factor than journals with many research articles.

Recently a discussion has started about the use of impact factors in research evaluation because the Internet has led to new forms of publication.

REFERENCES

Moed, H. F., & Van Leeuwen, T. N. (1995). Improving the accuracy of Institute for Scientific Information's journal impact factors. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 46, 461-467. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4571(199507)46:6<461::AID-ASI5>3.0.CO;2-G

At the end of the last sentence of this text we add another two references.
We do this in an alternative way:
first we select two references in EndNote, then we import them into the Word document.

First we go to EndNote via the button

There we select two references by clicking and simultaneously holding the CTRL key.
We choose a reference from Moed from 2006 and a reference from Zhao from 2005. See the screen below: 

Via the button
we return to Word.

There we use the Insert Selected Citations(s) under the button Insert Citation to add the references:

 
After that the document looks like this:

Journal impact factors vary from year to year. Therefore it is more reliable to use impact factors of several years instead if just one year. Research has shown that review articles receive more citations than research articles (Moed & Van Leeuwen, 1995). Journals with many review articles can therefore more easily get a high impact factor than journals with many research articles.

Recently a discussion has started about the use of impact factors in research evaluation because the Internet has led to new forms of publication (Moed, 2006; Zhao, 2005).

REFERENCES

Moed, H. F. (2006). New developments in citation analysis and research evaluation. Information Services & Use, 26, 135-137.

Moed, H. F., & Van Leeuwen, T. N. (1995). Improving the accuracy of Institute for Scientific Information's journal impact factors. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 46, 461-467. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4571(199507)46:6<461::AID-ASI5>3.0.CO;2-G

Zhao, D. Z. (2005). Challenges of scholarly publications on the Web to the evaluation of science: A comparison of author visibility on the Web and in print journals. Information Processing & Management, 41, 1403-1418. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ipm.2005.03.013

There is another alternative way to import references in text.
Position your cursor where you want to insert references in the text and click on
Select your reference(s) and click on the button